Basketball or basketball is one of the most practiced sports in the world and, without a doubt, the most important in the place where it originated, the United States. As every game has basic rules for its practice, but the rules of basketball have changed over the years.
Created by a physical education professor at a school in Springfield, United States, in 1891, basketball spread around the world during the 20th century, becoming an Olympic sport since the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin.
Basketball is a sport played by two teams composed of 12 players, with a maximum of 5 players from each team on the court. Each team aims to introduce the basketball into the basket defended by the opponent to get more points, always respecting the rules of the game.
The first regulation was born in 1891 and had 13 rules devised by Professor James Naismith for the first basketball game. With the passing of the years, the practices of basketball have evolved, thanks in large part to the creation of the professional leagues, the NBA (National Basketball Association), and FIBA (International Basketball Federation).
The main rules of basketball to any basketball game are the following
- Duration: a match consists of four quarters, with a total of 40 minutes of the match to which must be added, The Dead times, the balls out, and the interruptions that can occur in each game.
- Team: at this point, we can talk about court players, alternates, and coaches. Each unit has a maximum of 12 players, five of whom are on the court, and up to a total of 7 are on the bench. In the games, there are usually two coaches, the main and the secondary, and in the main leagues, there is a more fabulous technical body.
- Referees: in official competitions of powerful leagues, three referees lead the game, but in other leagues, there are two, and in formation league matches, there is only one.
- Misdemeanors or infractions during a game. Basketball rules include a series of situations that can be considered violations.
- Personal foul: when a player comes into contact with a rival and causes him a disadvantage. The fault can be both in attack and defense. After five fouls player is eliminated from the game.
- Non-slip: when the opponent is physically threatened. The referee punishes this action with the release of two free throws that he has received such foul and the next possession for the attacking team. A player with two fouls unsportsmanlike is expelled from the party.
- Technical foul: it is improper behavior in a game (complaints, evil gestures, screams, etc.) by a player or member of the bench. This action is punishable by the release of a free throw by any player, and the next possession is for the offending team.
- Disqualifying foul: when an action occurs, that involves the direct expulsion from the game of the player or member of the team that commits it.
- Steps: when a player kicks the ball and catches it, he cannot take more than two steps without releasing the ball. We can also talk about the exit steps, which consist of taking one step immediately and lifting the pivot foot before throwing the ball.
- Doubles: the player who has the ball in his possession boots and stops doing so, must pass or throw, but cannot pitch again.
- Backfield: when the attacking team passes the ball to the opposing field, they cannot back down to their side of the court during that play.
- Feet: the basketball cannot touch the feet of a player generating an advantage if it does the possession of the ball to be the possession of the opposing team.
Infringements related to peak times:
Possession by play: when a team has possession of the ball, it has a maximum of 24 seconds to try to make a shot. If I didn’t, I’d lose the property. Usually, at the referee tables, they have holding markers.
- Three seconds: a player when his team attacks cannot spend more than three seconds in the restricted one. If this happens, the ball passes to the opposite team.
- Five seconds: the player has a total of five seconds to put the ball in play.
- Eight seconds: when a team has possession, it has a total of 8 seconds to move from the defensive zone to the offensive.
- Illegal defense: a player during testimony cannot spend more than three seconds in the 3-second zone without defending an attacker. In the event of this offense, it is punishable by a free throw plus possession. This rule applies only to NBA games.
The scoring system of the game of basketball has three types of baskets: points 2 (if made in the time of the game from a distance inside of the line of 6.75 m), the ends of 3 (launch more away from the range of 6.75 m) or the free-throw line for 1 point).
When the game ends, the team that has won the most points is the winner. In the event of a tie at the end of the 40 minutes, a 5-minute deferral will be played. If at the end of that extension, the relationship continues, a second part is performed, and so on until there is a winner. This way, you can never produce a tie at the end of a basketball game, in which there is always a winning team.
For NBA lovers, they may see differences between the rules of basketball between FIBA and NBA competitions. There are some points in the regulations that do not agree, both in-game times, infractions, and some very remarkable things like the famous “steps” in NBA games.